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ͳ , 2005 , 2005

THE UKRAINIAN ACADEMY OF AGRARIAN SCIENCES

THE STATE NIKITSKY BOTANICAL GARDENS

PHYSIOLOGICAL AND EMBRYOLOGICAL

RESEARCHES OF HIGHER PLANTS

Collected scientific works Volume 125 Edited by Doctor of Biology S.V. Shevchenko Yalta 2005 The results of investigations adaptation of plants to extreme factors of environment, informative indexes for diagnostics of resistance and also laws of forming of generative structures of processes of reproduction of higher plans have been given.

The mechanisms of frost and drought resistance of fruit cultures, ornamental and technical cultures, effectiveness and sensitivity of phytomonitoring methods for diagnostics of plant resistance to soil and air drought have been shown. The peculiarities of reproduction of introduced plants on the South of the Ukraine, and also natural renewal of some rare and endanger species of the Crimean flora have been discussed. The results of researches of using the method in vitro for obtaining the new forms of fruit and technical cultures has been given.





It is destined for specialists in the fields of botany, physiology, ecology, dendrology, breeding, students in biology.

Editorial-Publishing Board:

V.N. Ezhov (Chairman), A.M. Avidzba, O.A. Ilnitsky, V.P. Isikov, Z.K. Klimenko,V.I. Kopylov, V.V. Korzhenevsky, N..P. Litvinov, V.I. Mashanov, V.I. Mitrofanov, O.V. Mitrofanova, N.E. Opanasenko, A.F. Polyakov, V.D. Rabotyagov, S.V. Shevchenko, V.A. Shishkin (Vice-Chairman), A.V. Smykov, V.K. Smykov, T.K. Yeryomina, G.S. Zakharenko . 2005. 125 5

   

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. (2-4 ) . 13-16 (. 5) , 11-15 , . (. 4, 5). , (. 4, 5). . . . . 4 , . . 5-27 ( ) . , , , (. 4, 5). . . , (); . 37-40 . . 2005. 125 , 4-5 .

. 4. 11 (), 13 (), 19 (), 25 (, ), 30 () 33 () .

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. 2005. 125 13

   

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2- , . . 32 . .

3- . I- (22-23 ), ; 2- 12-15 ( 25-28 40 ). . 3- - . 2- . 2- . . .

(Persica vulgaris Mill.). , [26, 27]. [40, 42]. , , , .. [12, 13].

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. 2005. 125

   

(. 8) . . 2005. 125 17 , . , , (.6).

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[12] . , . 2005. 125

   

, , . , [41], , 14 10-16 .

.

. . . , , . .. [12].

   

, . , 4-8 , 10, 11 .

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. (. . 10, 11) 13-18 , 7-22 9-20 , . (. . 11). , ( ), , (), , , . .

. 2005. 125 . 7. : ) 12 ( ); ) 6 13 ( ); ) 25 ( ).

, . , , , , 3- 5- . . , . , , . , , .

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, , . .

, . . , ( ) , .

, , , . , , . ( ), . . 2005. 125 21 . , , .

. [42 - 44] , , . . . , , , . .

.. [20] , . 1-2 , . .. .. [28] . .

, ( ) ( ) , .

, , , -, , , . , .

1. .. .- .: , 1974. 122 .

2. .. .

: , 1975. 185 .

3. .. 30- // . . . 1971. - . 2(16) . 42- .. , // . 1962. . VII. .2. . 294-351.

5. - .. , : . .-. . . - ., 1955. 32 .

6. - .. // . 1962. .VII. . 5. . 235-249.

7. - .. // . - : , 1971. . 113-152.

8. .. // . 1951. - 1. .177-179.

9. - .. . 2005. 125 // . . . 1959. . 9. .269-286.

10. - .. // . . . 1970. . 16. .173-177.

11. .. (Cerasus bessey Ball.) // . - . . 1948. . 14. .87.

12. .. // . 1954. - 3-4 . 102-108.

13. .. (Persica vulgaris Mill.) // - 1954. - 21 . 150-178.

14. . . - .: , 1957. . 132-133.

15. .. - // . - , 1966. .4. . 150-183.

16. .. // . .

- . . . . 1959. . 64(3). . 47-61.

17. .. , // .

, . . 1950. - 2. . 23.

18. .. .- : - , 1963. 183 .

19. .. c . - ., 1934. 48 .

20. .. // . - 1953. - 2 . 109-113.

21. - .. .

.: , 1964. 301 .

22. - .. .

.: , 1976. . 51-348.

23. - .., .. Taraxacum // . . 1937. . 2, 3. . 67-295.

24. .. // .

. 1970. . 55, 11. . 1563-1569.

25. .. // . - : , 1971. . 72-118.

26. .. // ³ , . 1926. - 89. . 362-368.

27. .. // . - , 1978. .7-69.

28. .., .. // .

, 1966. . 29-39.

29. .. . - .:

, 1973. 110 .

30. .. , - : . . . . . - , 1967 20 .

. 2005. 125 23

31. .. . - .: - , 1965. 190 .

32. .. , . - .: - , 1958. 285 .

33. .. . - :, 1972 384 .

34. .. // . 1961. . 13. 40 c.

35. .. // . .-.: , 1965. . 131 .. . - :

, 1971. . 152-170.

37. .. // . - : , 1973. . 16-24.

38. Davidson O. W. The germination of Non-viable peach // Proc. Amer. Hort.

Sci. 1933. Vol. 30. P. 129-132.

39. Davidson O. W. Growing Trees from non-viable peach seeds // Proc. Amer.

Soc. Hort. Sci. 1934. Vol. 32. P. 308-312.

40. Harrold T. Comparative study of the developing and aborting fruits of Prunus persica // Bot. Gaz. 1935. Vol. 96, N 3 P. 505-520.

41. Rogland C. H. The development of the peach fruit, with special reference to split-pit and gumming // Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 1934. Vol. 31, N 1 P. 1-21.

42. Tukey H. B. Embryo abortion in early-ripening varieties of Prunus avium // Bot. Gaz. 1933. Vol. 94. P. 433-468.

43. Tukey H.B. Development of cherry and peach fruits as affected by destruction of the embryo // Bot. Gaz. 1936. Vol. 98, N 1 P. 1-24.

44. Tukey H. B. Growth of the embryo, seed and pericarp of the sour cherry (Prunus cerasus) in relation to season of fruit ripening // Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 1934. Vol. 31.

P. 125.

45. Tukey H.B., Lee F.A. Embryo abortation in the peach in relation to chemical composition and season of fruit ripening // Bot. Gaz. 1937. Vol. 98, N 3 P. 586-597.

To the cytoembryology of early ripening kinds of cherry and peach Zdrujkovskaya-Rihter A.I.

The results of comparative study of embryo and endosperm development in cherry and early ripening kinds with the middle ripening kinds are given. Its shown that differences take place on the late stages of embryogenesis and during the endosperm utilization. Seeds underdevelopment in early ripening kinds is conditioned by disturbance of nutrition and correlation between seeds and pericarp.

. 2005. 125

   

, : , , , , , , .. , .

[6, 7, 11, 14, 28, 31 .] , ( , , ).

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Davidia involucrata Baill. (. Davidiaceae), Camptotheca acuminata Decne (. Nyssaceae), Zizyphus jujuba Mill. (.Rhamnaceae), Olea europaea L. (. Oleaceae) Asimina triloba L. (. Annonaceae).

.. [10], ..

.. [3]. , [8, 9]. [24, 25] [9].

JENAMED-2 . -4 -6.

, , . , - Davidia involucrata Baill. (. Davidiaceae) Camptotheca acuminata Decne (. Nyssaceae). Davidiaceae Davidia. Davidia , . 1934 , 1935 .

. 2005. 125 25 Camptotheca acuminata , 1992 , 1999 .

. [1, 29, 34] Davidia Nyssaceae Cornales, [30, 32] Cornaceae. Horne [33], Davidia Alangiaceae. Camptotheca . , R. Eyde [32] Cronquist [30] (, Davidia) Cornaceae, .. [12] Nyssaceae Cornales, : Nyssa Camptotheca.

Davidia involucrat Camptotheca acuminata , . , , . . , .

(), :

Davidia involucrat , Camptotheca acuminata - ( ) [2].

.

Davidia , , Camptotheca .

Davidia . 5-6 , , . , , -, , (.1).

Camptotheca : . , , . , , , , , , . , , (. 2).

Camptotheca Davidia , , , , .

. , Davidia involucrat , , Camptotheca acuminata , . Davidia Camptotheca (5-7 6-9), - . 2005. 125 . 1. Davidia involucrata (1) (2).

. 2. Camptotheca acuminata .

( Camptotheca), 3- (, ) 2- Camptotheca ( ) (. 3). . 2005. 125 27 ( , ) : Davidia ( Camptotheca), (. 4), Camptotheca (. 5).

. 3. Camptotheca acuminata ( , - , , , ).

   

. 5. Camptotheca acuminata () Davidia involucrata ().

Davidia , Camptotheca 3-, .

, (, , ), Davidia involucrata Camptotheca acuminata Cornales.

, - , , , , .

, .

, , Zizyphus jujuba Mill.

, Olea europaea L., Asimina triloba L. Zizyphus jujuba , , , . , , , ... , , , . Zizyphus jujuba , . , ; (.. ) , . , - . 2005. 125 29 . , , , . , , , (.6). , Zizyphus jujuba , , , Webb Lloyd [39], . 13-17 , , [23, 36, 38].

. 6. Zizyphus jujuba: () ().

Olea europaea L. , , , . 10- Olea europaea 700 . , 50 500 , ( , ) [26]. Olea europaea , , . . [35] , , (. 7). , , , , .

Asimina triloba L. , 1736 , 1922 . , , .

. 2005. 125 . 7. Olea europaea : ) , (.

Messeri, 1950); ) , .

, 1994 , 1996 Asimina triloba [15]. , , , , , ( ) [4, 15]. Asimina triloba +15-+18. , 5 , -, , , , , - . , , (.

8), . Asimina , , , 1/16 . , (. 9).

, , . , Davidia involucrat Camptotheca acuminata , , . , .

, Davidia , , Camptotheca , , Davidia 70 , Camptotheca 5 .

. 2005. 125 31 . 8. Asimina triloba. . 9. Asimina triloba.

. Zizyphus jujuba, Olea europaea Asimina triloba, , : Asimina triloba Zizyphus jujuba , Olea europaea . Olea europaea Zizyphus jujuba ( Zizyphus jujuba, in vitro .) [23, 27, 37]. . , , , . Zizyphus jujuba Asimina triloba , , Davidia involucrat Camptotheca acuminata . Olea europaea ( , ), . , , Camptotheca acuminata : 5,5 3 2004 , ( ).

, .

, , . . 2005. 125 .. [7], , , . .. , [13] [10,14 .], .. , , (, , , , ), , .

, , , [5, 16, 17, 20 - 23], , , .

1. Davidia involucrat Camptotheca acuminata , , , , Camptotheca acuminata .

2. , , , Zizyphus jujuba, Olea europaea Asimina triloba , (Zizyphus jujuba , Olea europaea , Asimina triloba ). , .

1. .. 30 (1926-1956 .) / . .. .. - , 1957. 239 .

2. .., .. Davidia involucrata Baill. var. vilmoriniana (Dode) Wagner Campttheca acuminata Decne // . - 2003. - 1-2. .78-83.

3. .., .. . - . - , 1986. 38 .

4. .., .., .. Asimina triloba L. (Dun.) // ³ -. - 2002.- .156-158.

5. .., .. Davidia involucrata Baill. // . . - 1988. - .73, 2. - . 203-213.

. 2005. 125 33

6. .. / : , 1978. 219.

7. .. . : , 1981.- 96 .

8. .., .. / .:

, 1954. 165.

9. .. .- .: , 1988. 271 .

10. .. // . - ., 1969. .43-45.

11. - .: , 1981-1990.

12. .. . - : , 1987. 439 .

13. .. // .

. - -: , 2000. .21-24.

14. ., . . - : , 1982. 379 .

15. .. , // , , .

. V . ., 6-10 .1997 . , 1997. .167-171.

16. .. Arbutus andrachne L.

(. Ericaceae) // . . . - 1983. .91. . 54-62.

17. .. Asimina triloba Olea europaea // . . - -, 1999. - . 329 .. // . . . . - 2003. .186. .105-120.

19. .. Asimina triloba L.(Dun). // ³ - - 2003. .5. . 67-70.

20. .., .. Pistacia mutica Fisch. et Mey. // . . . 1992..113. - . 45-51.

21. .., .., .. // :

. . . . , 27-30 2004 . , 2004. - .139-142.

22. .., .. Davidiaceae // . - .: , 1987. - . 7-12.

23. .., .. , Zizyphus jujuba Mill. // . . . 2004. .122. .116-120.

24. .., .., .. // . . . . 1986. .

60. .99-101.

25. .., .. (Olea europaea L.) // . . . 1992. .113. - .52-61.

26. .. // . : , 1989. .1. .90.

. 2005. 125

27. .., .. // - . : , 1982. . 354-356.

28. . - : , 1994-2000.

29. Cronquist A. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. - N.-Y.:

Columbia Univ. Press, 1981. 1262 p.

30. Cronquist A. The Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants / The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. New York, 1988. 555 p.

31. Embryology of Angiosperms / Ed. Johri B.M. - Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1984. 602 p.

32. Eyde R.H. The peculiar gynoecial vasculature of Cornaceae and its systematic significance // Phytomorphology. 1967. Vol.17, 2. P. 172-182.

33. Horne A.S. The structure and affinities of Davidia involucrata Baill. // Trans Lin.

Soc. Lond., ser. Bot.. - 1909. - Vol.7. P.303-326.

34. Krssman G. Manual of cultivated broadleaved trees and shrubs - Timber Press, Beaverton, Oregon, 1984. 448 p.

35. Messeri A. Alkuni dati sulla embriologia ed embiogenesi di Olea europaea L. // Nuovo giornal botanica italiano. 1950. Vol.57, 1-2. - S.149-169.

36. Mitrofanova I.V., Mitrofanova O.V., Shevchenko S.V. Obtaining of plants from somatic embryos of Zizyphus // Abstracts Intern. Symp. "Plant Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering". - Kiev, 1994. - P. 100.

37. Shevchenko S.V. Special features of male and female gametophyte differentiation in Zizyphus jujuba Mill. in the Crimea // XII International congress in sexual plant reproduction. Columbus, Ohio, 1992. - P. 63.

38. Shevchenko S.V. Flowering, pollination and fertilization in Zizyphus jujuba in South coast of the Crimea // Abstr. 13-th Intern. Congr. on Sexual Plant Reproduction.

Vienna, Austria, 1994. - P.155.

39. Webb C. J., Lloyd D.G. The avoidens of interference between the presentation of pollen and stigmas in angiosperms. II. Herkogamy // N.Z.J.Bot. 1986. Vol.24, 1. P.163-178.

The reproductive biology of the introduced plants Shevchenko S.V.

Results of the comparative study formation of the generative structures, flowering, pollination and possibility of native reproduction of valuable subtropical fruit plants in the conditions of the South Ukraine have been shown.

. 2005. 125 35

   

. , [1, 2, 7, 10, 12, 16].

. , , , .

1987 - 1992 2002 . . : , , ; , , , , , ; , ;

, , , , ; ; : , .

2-4 - 40-50 . . 50-60 % 5-9 .

, [8]. -2, 1991. - "" [1]. . "" (. ).

. .

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, , , . "" - - . 2005. 125 , , . . - . , [13].

, ( 7 20 ) .

V :

V.-V. =------------------, (1) V. 3 - , ;

V.. - 90-100% ;

V.3 - 40-50% .

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1 , .

: , , (1976 .) ; , , ( 1979 .).

2 1981 1984 . .

, ( ). , (. 3).

. 2005. 125 37

   

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, [17, 18]. , .

[4] , (), .

.

90-100% 45-50% . . . , , , .. d=0.

, , . .1 , , .

50 %, - 57% , - 61 % , - 78 % . , - , .

, .1. .

. 2005. 125

   

. 1. dn Wn () () : 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ; 5 , 6 , 7 .

. 48 % ; - 52 % , - 55 % . [5].

, .

(V . d ) .

. 2005. 125 41 , V . , , , (d) [6].

. , , (.2). V . d , . , , .

. 2 ( 63-77 % ). 6 V . d , . , , 11 20 . 11 26 V . d , .. (W=77%) , , .

. . : V. d ( ) di di.

() :

Ni 100% P = --------------, (2) Ni ni - V . d () di ;

Ni - di.

. 2005. 125

   

. 2. (1) (2) (3) () (). 1987 .

, d, (). 3 , 0 36 Wn=61-100%. 14 10%. , . .

. 2005. 125 43 , %

   

. 3. (P,%) (Vn) (dn) (D, ): 1 , 2 , 3 .

. , .

, .

[1].

, , [14, 15], , ..

() . .

[11]:

Sx = -------. 100%, (3) x - %;

x - ;

Sx - .

Sx :

   

, , , .

, , - . - - , .

. , . , , , .

, , . , , .

, , - , , .

. 2005. 125 45 () , . .

, , .

. , .

, , .

1. .. // . - ., 1971. - .5-26.

2. .. // . - .:

, 1971. - .115-131.

3. .. - // . . .

- 1964. - .37. - . 472-489.

4. .. // . . . . - 1979. - .3. - .73-76.

5. .., .. : .. 1739914 // . - 1992. - 22.

6. .. // . - 1982. - .14, 2..192-198.

7. .. : . . . .- , 1988. - 17 .

8. .., .. //. . . . - 1968.- .

16. - .81-87.

9. .. . - : , 1975. - .124-125.

10. .. // .-. .- : , 1989. - .3-12.

11. .. . - .: , 1980. - 234 .

12. .. // . - 1983.

- 6. - .10-16.

13. .., .., .. // . . . . - 1980. .73-75.

. 2005. 125

14. .., .. - .. 1496704 // .- 1989.- 28.

15. .. - ..

1655356 // .- 1991.- 22.

16. . / .., .., .., .. - : , 1988. - 160 .

17. .., .. // . . 1 . .-. . , 1974.- .19-20.

18. .., .. // . - .: , 1988. - .211-215.

Phytomonitoring and drought resistance of plants Ilnitskiy .., Lischuk .I., Paliy I.V., Bystrova .I.

Changes in relative rate of water flaw in plants shoots and variations of their diameter (turgescence) under the conditions of soil, air and complex drought were studied. New methods for determination of relative drought resistance of fruit crops and technical plants were developed.

. 2005. 125 47

   

, . . , . , .

[1, 3, 9 .]. . , , , . , , [19]. [10]. [14].

, , , .

. ( , , , ). [3]. , , [15, 16, 18] , , , , . .

1. . , ( , , ).

, Filtrak : : , 10:1:1, , , ( 1 2). . 2005. 125

   

1. . : , % .

. 2005. 125 49

   

2. . : , % .

. 2005. 125 . Rf 0,06; 0,30; 0,54; 0,78; 0,90 (c 1). Rf 0,54 -3- (). , , , . Rf 0,30; 0,42; 0,54. "" -3- .

, , , , : , .

, , (. .4). ( 2).

2. . : (pH 9,0), (pH 2,5), (pH 7,0) (pH 7,0). : : (10:1:1). ( , .). [15]. . 1.

, , c Rf 0,40-1,0. . , ("", ""), , , [13]. "" [4].

3. . : : (80:5:15) , - Rf 0,41 0,71. [6].

2 . , - [18]. , Rf 0,71 Rf 0,4 . ( . 2005. 125 51

   

0,20 99 98 99 95 107 115 111 106 86 88 94 90 0,40 104 96 0,60 99 97 99 99 103 111 112 108 90 92 88 94 0,80 94 95 100 94 99 100 111 120 88 83 88 85 1,00 102 92 99 97 96 113 109 116 88 82 86 73

   

0,2 95 97 100 102 87 90 100 100 77 78 98 100 0,4 102 103 112 103 95 93 103 98 87 87 99 101 0,6 100 106 106 106 91 91 91 100 74 85 90 99 0,8 104 100 101 100 91 94 88 95 76 86 95 100 1,0 93 102 98 107 87 102 100 101 67 66 99 83 . 01.10 " ", 03.01 - " ", 19.02 - "", 19.04 - "".

) , , "". . ( - ) , , , .

4. . ( ) (. 3.). . , , ( ), , - , . 2005. 125

   

. r = 0,90, - r = 0,92.

: , , , [8]. - , , , , , .

   

, , , . , , , . / . , " " 11,9%, 5,77%, "" 10,2% 9,0%.

, 2 = 0,75, = 0,999.

, , - (- ), . , .. , . , .. , .. , .. [12, 17].

[7, 5]. , . - , . , - .

, . , : , [5]. 2 = 0.42, = 0.99. [5]. +3 ( ) +16 ( ). , , . . "" , +3 +6 , .

, , , , .

5. . [11], (. 4.). , . 2005. 125

   

. , ( ) , . , . , , , , . . , . . 4.

, . , , , [2].

, . , ( ). , . , - . [5].

. 2005. 125 55

1. :

, , , .

2. , . ( ) .

3. , .

1. .. . - .: , 1984.- 207.

2. . . .- .: , 1985.- 304.

3. .. // . . .-1959. - . 29.- .251-263.

4. .. // . . . .- 1987.- .64 - .76-80.

5. .. . . 0287.

0046765, 1987, 54.

6. .. // . . . 1989. - .108. - .21 T.C., .. // . . . . 1985.- . 56. - .83-86.

8. .. . , // . - .: , 1985. - .143-162.

9. .. . -., 1977. 135.

10. .. // .

1978. - .25. .5. - .975-990.

11. .. c // . : , 1985.

- .110-116.

12. .., . // . - .5.- .61-64.

13. .. // . - .: . - 1977. - .216-234.

14. .. // 1978. - .25, .5. - .990-1088.

15. .., .. // . - .:, 1977.- .122-142.

16. .. .:, 1979.- 79.

17. .., .., .. Persica vulgaris // . 1975. .2. - .281-282.

. 2005. 125

18. .. // . - .: , 1977 .105-121.

19. ., . . - .: , 1984. 512 .

Content of growth regulators in the peach buds Elmanova T.S.

Common regularities in the level changes of auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins and phenol inhibitors in generative peach buds were studied. It was determined that initial stage of morphogenesis is controlled with auxins. At the period of flower elements formation the influence of such inhibitors as chlorogen acid become more intensive. During the rest period which is coincide with the stage of anther sporogen tissue formation passing strong inhibitors of phenol nature are accumulated, gradual increase of gibberellin substances pool was observed. Issue from the rest and further buds,development are controlled with correlation of auxins, cytokinins and gibberellins, with the predominance of gibberellins on the background of phenol inhibitors low level.

. 2005. 125 57

2,4

. . , ; .. , ; .. , . , , , , [14].

, , , , , - , , , . , , . , , [7]. , , .

.. , .. [5] . , , . , , . , , [10]. , , , .

. , . , , [12].

[4], , . 2005. 125 , , ( ), , . . . . . [8], . , . , . , , , , . , , , , , . . , ( ) , , ; 2,4- ().

, : - (Persica davidiana Carr.), (P. mira (Koehne) Koval. t Kost.), (P. vulgaris Mill. subsp. Fergannsis), 26-76 (P. vulgaris P. davidiana); -, ; (P. vulgaris Mill.) . Sphaeroteca pannosa var. ersicae Woronich. 4- (. 1). ( ) , . (1) 10 - 8,4, 15 4200 .

. 2005. 125 59

   

[3]. ( s) ( w) [6].

. , , . , 0,004% . . , . Sph. annosa, . 18-22 .

10-3 , 1 . . 20-40 1 . 2 (), . , , 24, 78, 124, 144 . -135. . , . [6].

, , . 2005. 125

   

, , , , . , , [11], , , , , , .

. 2005. 125 61

   

, ( ) , . , , . . Sph. pannosa .

, Sph. pannosa 24 . + , (.

1,2). , , + (, ). ( , , 26-76, ) , 124 . 2005. 125 . , , , , , . , [1], , , .

   

.1. + (/ ) , .

. 2005. 125 63

   

. 2. , .

(.3,4): + , , ;

;

. , , . .. , .. [15] , , , , .

. 2005. 125

   

.3. + , 2,4- //

   

.4. , 2,4-.

. 2005. 125 65

1. , .

2. + , , .

3. , , .

1. .., .., .. // . . . - , 1989. .126-130.

2. .. :

. . . .- , 1997. 25 .

3. .., .., .. // . . 1982. . 29. 1.

.198-204.

4. . . .:

, 1972. -252 .

5. . ., .., .. , // .

. . . . , 1986.

- . 20-22.

6. .. . -.: , .

7. . . - .: , 1954. 164 .

8. .., .. // . . - . .

. 1965. -2. . 90 - 92.

9. .. .: , 1973 176 .

10. .. - // .-. . , 1986. .11-19.

11. .., .. // / . . .. .: , 1991. .40-43.

12. .., .., .., .. , // . . .. . 1982. .39. .114-123.

13. .. .: , - 1990. 351 .

14. .., .. , . .: , 1984. 64 .

. 2005. 125

15. .., .., .. // , , . . 1984. . 33-37.

16. .. . .: , 1973. 23 .

Changes in metabolism of peaches and plumpeaches under their inoculation with Sphaeroteca pannosa and tretmtnt by 2,4- dinitrophenol.

Gubanova T.B., Lishchuc A. I., Ovcharenko G.V.

The quantity of albunen, osmotic and hydrogen potential in the leaves of species and forms of peaches and plumpeaches with the contrast great of firmness to the Sphaeroteca pannosa are defined. It was found out that leaves of firm kinds and forms the characterized with high albunen content, and osmotic potential and low intensivity of exosmos iones + and NPS under the infection.

. 2005. 125 67

   

(Actinidia deliciosa L.F.) , . 20 . (300 %) , , . .

, . () . , .

- , , , , , [11, 18, 23, 24].

, ().

1990-1993 .

: (, , ). . . ( .. ) [3].

..

[7]. 2 16% ( 2%), 0,5% 1% - .

, (10:4:1) (6:3:1). [4, 9]. .

Biolar -9. -2. [1].

   

- ( ).

50 70% (III ) , III .



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