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̲Ͳ ² ˲ʲ в ʲ ̲Ͳֲ ² MINISTRY OF UKRAINE ...

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, ( ) ( , , ) . ( ) . .

: 1,2%, 0,0125, . 0 3%. , 3%.

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3,75 2,50 240 6,25 1,25 0,00 0,00 2,50 1,00 0,25 0,00 0,00 0,25 0,50 2 0,50 4,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 1,00 1,00 3,00 1 0,33 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,33 0,33 0,00 14 4,67 0,00 0,00 0,00 1,67 1,67 3,00 9 10 0 0,00 1,00 4 1,33 5 1,67 5 1,67 3,33 0,33 10 5 7 3,43 19 5,43 1 1,43 350 0,30 1,00 0,29 2,00 12 200 6 3,00 0,50 0,00 0,00 1,50 4 2,00 2 1,00 1 3 12 310 12 3,87 2 0,60 0,00 0,00 1,61 2,26 5 1,61 13 6,50 2 2,00 1,00 3,00 1,50 1,50 4,50 17 5,67 1 0,30 0,00 0,00 1,33 1,67 1,50 1,50 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 1,50 11 3,67 1 0,30 2,00 0,67 1,67 2,67 1,00 13 4,33 1 0,30 0,00 0,00 2,00 2,33 2,00 326 13 3,99 1 0,30 0,00 0,00 1,23 1,53 2,45 , : 100 , 100 . [7,10] , ( ) [7,10].

. , : , , ( ?) ( 6,16,17) ( 7,13,15,10) 1987, 1988 . (43-100) .

, , 6,13,18, , , .

( , , , ) 4,10,14.

, , . , . , 30- , , , in vivo, in vitro , .

, , .

, . , 6 , , , , , , .

8,13,17. 8 , . (1987) [11] 300-500 . , , 8,18 .

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.

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, , , in vivo, in vitro .

, .

1. Awa A.A. Personal communication // Radiation Research Foundation. 1986. Hiroshima, Japan.

2. Awa A.A., Neel J.V. Cytogenetic "rogue" cells: Their Frequency, origin and evolutionary significance // Technical Report Effects Research Foundation. 1986 /PERF/ Japan. P. 1-14.

3. A collaborative exercise on cytogenetic dosimetry for simulated whole and partial body accidental irradiation / D.S. Lloyd, A.A. Edwards, J.S. Prosser et al. // Mutat.Res. 1987. 179. P. 197-208.

4. Buckton K.E., Evans H.J. Methods for the analysis of human chromosome aberrations WHO // Geneva, 1974.

5. Chromosome aberration in leucocytes of survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki / T. Amenomori, M. Tomonaga, M. Ishimaru et al. // Nagasaki Vol. Med. J. 1984. 59. N 10. P. 418-422.

6. Cytogenetic monitoring of hospital workers exposed to low-level ionizing radiation / P. Bigatti, L. Lambertti, G. Ardito, F. Armelino // Mut. Res. 1988. 204. P. 343 347.

7. Chromosome aberration in individuals occupationally exposed to ethylene oxide and in a large control population / S.M. Gallowoay, P.K. Berry, W.W. Nicohols et al. // Mutat. Res. 1986. 170. P. 55-74.

8. Doses in radiation accident investigated by chromosome aberration analysis XIV: a review of cases investigated / D.C. Lloyd, A.A. Edvards, J.S. Prosser et al. // 1985.

Nat. Radiol. Prot. Board. 1986. 192. P. 1-12.

9. Dolphin G. W., Lloyd D.S., Purrot R.J. Chromosome aberration analysis as a dosimetric technique in radiological protectior '/ Health Phys. 1973. 27. P. 7-15.

10. Ewans H.J. Cytogenetic and allied studies in populations exposed to radiations and chemical agents // Assesment of risk from low-level exposure to radiation and chemicals. Plenum, New York. 1985. P. 429-451.

11. Environmental Health, 24 Chernobyl: Health Hazards from Radiocesium WHO, Regional Office for Europe, Copengagen.

12. Evans H.J. The induction of aberration in human chromosomes following exposure to mutagens / carcinogens // Environmental Carcinogens, Elsevier. NorthHolland. Amsterdam. 1979. P. 57-74.

13. Fabry L. Cytogenetic damage induced in human lymphocytes by low doses of Co gamma-rays delivered at higth and low dose rates // Acta radiol. Oncol. 1986. 25. N 2. P. 143-145.

14. Gavrilas M. Fast estimate of the 1-131 and Cs-137 source terms for the Chernobyl reactor accident // Health. Phys.. 1987. 52 suppl. N 1 P. 6-7.

15. Genetic and somatic effects of ionizing radiation. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation: 1986 Report to the General Assambly, with annaexes // New York. 1986.

16. Hungerford D.A. Leucocytes cultured from small inicula of whole blood and the preparation of metaphase chromosomes by treatment with KC1. Stain. Techn.. 1965. 40. P. 333.

17. International Atomic Energy Agency: Summary Report of Post-Accident Review Meeting of the Chernobyl Accident // Safety Series 75. INSA G-l. Vienna. 1986.

18. Ionizing Radiation: Sources and Biological Effects. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation 1982 Report to the General Assambly, with annexes // New York. 1982.

19. Increased somatic cell mutant frequency in atomic bomb survivors / M. Hakoda, M. Akiyama, Y. Hirai et al. // Mut. Res. 1988. Vol. 201. P. 39-48.

20. Lloyd D.S. An overview of radiation dosimetry by conventional methods // Biological Dosimetry: Eds. W.G. Eisert and M.L. Mendelsohn. Springer. Berlin. 1984. P. 3-14.

21. Obe G., Book B. The human leucocyte test system // Chemical Mutagens-Principle

and Methods for their Detection: Eds. de Serres F.Y., Hollander A. New York:

Plenum. 1982. P. 337-400.

, 15.03.95 UA9700567 591.13:621.039 . . (SUS SCROFA L.)

3 . . . (35% ), (Oenothera biennis L.), 26% , . 10-15 .

11 1992 - 1995 . -9 " " , 23 1992 . .. ( , , ) . ( , , ). "" (. ) .. ... , .

.

71 2 . . , , .

. , , 100 , . 95% . . . "" (. ).

, . . [1]. . () . . , 1996 4, 2, 1, 0,5 . . ( ) 4 , 100 , 100- , . ( ) . .

, , , . , . , 1993 ., . .

, . 310 , .. 6 - 1 2 . 30% . 15 .

, [2].

[3 - 8]. " " [3]. .

. - [9], .

, . - . . , .

, 36% , 38% , 11% , 5% . . 65% , 35% [9].

, [10 - 17], ( ) , , , (), (), () ..

. 1. , , ().

, Oenothera biennis ( ), Malus domestica ( ) , (. 1).

( ) , 10% , . 2.

, , , , 60% . [18]. , %: 36,2;

3,22; 4,96; 2 [19]; 9,9 [20]. , 3,2%; 1,6% [19]; 3,5% [20].

.. [21] (. [18]).

, , , 32% , 27%, 22% ( 45% ) , (, , ) 22%.

Elytrigia repens ( ) (37% ), ( 5% ), . . , 15 - 20 . 25% , . 10% , .

1. , % = 20 = 12 71 = 18 = 14 =9 N = 73

   

. . : , ; (); (, , , ); , ; , , . . : / ; 2 ( , 15% ); S ( 50% 30% ;

20% ).

Anthriscus sylvestris ( ), Potentilla erecta ( ), Nimphea alba ( ), Epilobmm hirsutum ( ), Phragmites australis ( ), Aegopodium podagraria (), Chelydonhim majus ( ), Erigeron canadensis ( ), Glyseria maxima ( ), Hieracium umbellatum ( ), Taraxacum officinale ( ), Sonchus spp, ( ), Cirsium spp. ( ), , , , , , . 1 - 5 , 50 - 100% .

.

Typha latifolia ( ), Equisetum spp. ( ), Ajuga genevensis ( ), Calla palustris ( ), Chamerion angustifolium ( (-) ), Chenopodium album ( ), Coryneforus canescens ( ), Daeschampsia caespitosa ( ), Festuca rubra ( ), Glechoma hederacea ( ), Moehringia trinervia ( ), Riccia fluitans ( ), Sagittaria sagittifolia ( ), Stellaria media ( ), Stratiotes abides ( ), Trifolium spp. ( ), Juglans regia ( ), Pyrus communis ( ), , , , , ( ), - 15%.

(, , ..) Acer negundo ( ), .

platanoides ( ), Alnus glutinosa ( ), Betula spp. ( ), Bidens tripartita ( ), Peucedammi palustre ( ), Pinus sylvestris ( ), Populus tremula (), Rubus idaeus (), Salix spp. ( ), Sedum acre ( ), , -.

. (6 ), (3 ), (2 ).

, , Aesculus hippocastanus ( ), Armeniaca vulgaris (), Cerasus vulgaris (), Corylus avellana (), Morus alba ( ), Cichorium intybus (), Epilobium palustre ( ), Nuphar lutea ( ), Polygonum amphibium ( ), Agrimonia eupatoria (pe ), Dactylis glomerata ( ), Holcus lanatus ( ), Molinia caerulea ( ), Rumex acetosa ( ).

, . . , ( 1995 .) (64% ) (91% ).

, . 3 , .

(. 1 - 3 ) [22] : , , , , , , . , , (, , , , , ). (, ), 3. ( , %)

   

: + 0,5% . . , , ( 1994 .) , , , , .

. , 1 5 - 2 0 , , , .

( 1992 .), .

. 1, .

- . , 1992 1993 . - . , . 1994 ., , Nymphaea alba, Stratiotes aloides, , Riccia fluitans. .

1992 1993 . 1994 . , . , , . , .

, , (-) (, , , , ) () .

, , , , , , , , .

, , , , , (, , , , ) 1 - 2 .

, 42 : 14 , 6 , 16 . 28 : 18 , (, , ), 4 (), 7 .

, [11; 14; 15]. , , , 100 , 0,1% . , 8 - 9 .

, 1992 . ., .

, , , , , , , , , , . , .

. , , , - . , , . , , - .

, , , 10 - 15 , . .

1 0 - 1 5 [9; 23], . .

. , , [10 - 17; 24], , , .

: , , .

, , . 1993 ., . , .. . , . 1992 . , .. . . , .

1993 - 1994 . ( ) 4 - 8 . 4 - 8 , .. [25] 12 . , 4 - 6 , . .. . [26], .

1994 - 1995 . , 1994 ., , , 1995 . , . . , , .

, . 4 . .

. , .

1993 . , , -, - , 1994 . - . , - ( , ) . , . (1,5 - 2 ), . () . , .

, , " " [27] . , , . .

4.

   

. [28] . . , 1 - 2- , Calamagrostis epigeios ( ), , Koeleria glauca ( ), spica-venti () 40 - 80%. . , . 20 . , , , , . , , , . - - .

, , ( ), , , .

, , , .

90 - 100%. , 4 - 5 . . , , , . - , , , , , 1 - 2-. . .

, , , , . . ( ) , . , . Lasius , . , - .

. , , . , .

. , , , , , - , , - -. , , .. [25], 1987 . , , , , , - , (, , , ) , , , , , , , , .

1994 ., - , . .

. , , , . - .

[29], , .

, , (- ) , .

, . . 1987 - 1993 . , , . 1994 . . . , , , , , , . , , , , , ( ..). . . , , .

, , , , , .

, , , . - . , , , , . , , 15% . - -. 2 - 4 , (" 10 ).

.. [30], 2 - 3 , 3 - 4 2 - 3 , 2 - 3 . . , . (-, -) , . , . - 20 . , . [14] . , , . , , [14].

, , [14]. , . ( 80% , ). .

1. Eriksson ., Palo ., Soderstrom L. Reindeer grazing in winter time. Uppsala.

Vaxtekologiska studier. // 1981. 13. P. 35 - 67.

2. .. (Alces alces L.) - // . 1972. N 5. .62 - 67.

3. / .., .., .. . : , , 1987. 548 .

4. / . ... : , 1984. 343 .

5. .., .. . : , 1987. 208 .

6. .., .. : . : , , 1979. 204 .

7. .., .. . : , 1978. 288 .

8. .. . . : - , 1990. 176 .

9. / .., .., .. . : , , 1994. 112 .

10. .. - // . , 1986. .86 - 94.

11. .. - // . ; 1983. .34 - 46.

12. .. - // . : , 1988. .114 - 128.

13. .., .. , // , , . , 1989. 4.1. .50 - 52.

14. .., .. // . ; 1983. .46 - 51.

15. .. . : , 1975. 224 .

16. .. :

- , 1955. 190 .

17. .. (Sus scrofa L.) // . : , 1988. .128 - 139.

18. : , , . Hydrangeaceae Haloragaceae. : , 1987. 326 .

19. ˳ .. , // . 1939. N 5 - 6. .75 - 77.

20. .. // : 1962. 416 .

21. .. . .2. :

1953.

22. . . . :

, , 1991. 204 .

23. .. - . : , , 1988. 200 .

24. .., .. ( ). : , 1973. 160 .

25. .. . 1994.

26. .., .., .. . : , , 1991. 128 .

27. B.C., .., .. . 1:100000. : -, 1992.

28. .. . : - , 1955. 456 .

29. .. . // . ; 1983. .237.

30. .. . : .

- , 1951. 217 .

, . 15.03.95 Ͳ UA9700568 579.222; 582.282 . . , . . , . .

-

()

, - . , . (), ( , ) ( ) .

- , , , , , . , , . - . , . , . [ - 8, 12 - 14].

, , , , , . , , [1, 2, 4, 5, 9, 10].

, .

, , . , . , .

, , . , .

, , , , , IV () . . , . . , . . , 1996 , 10 6 /, 1 - 3 , .. . , Lactobacillus fermentum L. reuteri. , L. bavaricus. , Streptococcus faecalis. L. fermentum L. reuteri () [9].

() L. acidophilus Bifidobacterium indicum. , . - , .

1,5- 4 ), N 1 2,5- 8 ), IV . 4 , , 10 . 0,2 / 0,02 ( N 2) ( N 3) (. 1).

   

+ 5 2,5 720 + 1150 6

   

.

, , . 10- 10~ 4, 10.

- , [3]. . 4,0 - 4,5 -. 37 30 ( ). 0,5%. , . 2, 4, 6, 5 8% , 15, 45 48 - 50 ( ). 5% . 30- 63. , [3]. 2 / , . [11, 15].

, . , , . , 1 - 2 , . . , - , , 1 - 2 , (1,5 ) (2,5 ), (. 2).

, (1 3 ), . 1,5 - (1 ) 5 - 10 , 2,5-. . (1,5 ) , (2,5 ), 5 10 . 1,5- 5 , 2,5 . (. 2). - , : , .

2. - , 30- - - 1 () - - - -

   

, , , (. 2).

, - , . , . .

(. 3).

1 3 , 45 Lactobacillus helveticus. 2 3 L. buchneri. 2 Bifidobacterium bifidum . indicum. 10~5 - 10~6 , Streptococcus faecalis. 1 - 2 , . 1 L. coryniformis subsp. coryniformis ( ) 2 L. farciminis, a 3 L. amylophilus ( ). , 3. , , - - , - - 1

   

1 2 , S. faecium, 3 S. faecalis.

1 L. casei subsp. casei ( ).

1 S. faecalis S. faecium, 2 3 S. faecium (. 3).

(- ) , L. coryniformis subsp. coryniformis, 10~8. 10 7. S. faecium.

, , , Bifidobacterium. , . bifidum . indicum. .

- (, , ) (1 2 ) (2 3 ). , , . indicum, . globosum, . breve . minimum. , , .

- . , 75% 2,5- (3 ) , (2 ), 1,5 - . 3 5 - 3 /.

50% 1,5- 2,5- 10 3 /, 2,5- , , 1 25% .

1,5- (1 ) 2,5- ( 2) 50% 8 102 2 10 2 / 25% 2,5- ( 3) 4 102 /.

, - 102 - 2 103 / (. 2). Candida humicola, . apis var. galacta . curvata.

, - , Candida.

.

, , . , , , . 37, , . , . Candida stellata . kefyr, . parapsilosis. Rhodotorula rubra (. 4).

.

- ,

   

(1,5 2,5 ) , , . , (, ) . , . . 1,5- , 2,5- . -, , .

, , , . 1,5- (1 ), . , , , , , .

, , , (1,5 ) , , (2,5 ), , 1,5-. .

, 1 3 , L. helveticus, (1,5 ). 45. () .

L. fermentum, ().

, . L. buchneri 2,5- , . , L. fermentum. , , .

, , , S. faecium.

() . , , .

, , , .

, , () (), ( , , ) () , - .

1. .. - () // . ., . . 1983. . 77 - 80.

2. .., .., .. . , //, ., . . 1991. N 9. .25 - 27.

3. .., .. . .: , 1975. 384 .

4. .., .. // .: , 1966.

5. .., .., .., .. . , - // . ., . .

1980. N 7. .25 - 29.

6. .., .., .. //.

. 1983. 45, N 1, .46 - 50.

7. .., .. . .:

. 1976. 232 .

8. .., .., .. . : , 1973. 78 .

9. .., .., B.C. - , // ̳.

. 1995. 57, N 2, .54 - 60.

10. .., ., .. // . . 1992. 54, N 4. .16-20.

11. Bergey 's manual of determinative bacteriology. 8-th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1974. 1268 p.

12. Drattar B.S., Hill M.J. Human intestinal flora. London, New-York, San Francisko:

Acad. prew, 1974. 263p.

13. Fuler R. The normal intestinal flora of the pig. IV. The effect of dietary supplements of penicillin, chlortetracycline or copper sulphate on the faecal flora // J. Appl.

Bacteriol. 1960. 23, N2. P.195 - 205.

14. Hentges D.J. Human intestinal microflora in health and disease// Cancer Res. 1983. 43, N3. P.703 - 707.

15. The Yeasts. A taxonomic study // Ed. N.J.W.Kreger van Rij. Amsterdam:

Elsevier Sciens Publishers B.V. 1984. 1082p.

   

/

10-

/ , , 14- , (0,5 3 ) 10- . , , - , , , , , . , 10- , .

[1]. .

, , [2]. , , , . , , . , (), , [3]. , . , , [1].

/ , . - (), , . ) . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , 1996 , -, , , , , , , , , , , , .

[4 - 14]. / (, ), () [15]: , 7- , , [16].

, , , ( 10- ) , , , , , [ 1 7 - 19].

, ( - ) ( ) , - - .

( ), - ( - , 11 ) (, ) , , , , , . , - , .

23 (), "": 2- 4, 6- 5 ( , , 10- ), 1,5 6, 2- 4 3- 4 . , 30- , - . (11 0,5 - 1, 5- ), . , , .

, 0,32 . , [20]; - [21], -; - , [22]. Lowry [23] [24].

(2,5 . /, 10 .). (20 V), 20 18 - 20 , 40 000 g, 4C 20 . 50 - 7,4 40000 g -20. - . (0,7 - 1 ) 15 0 50 - 25 1 4 - ("cham", , 200 ) "Beckman" (). 40 000 g; -8. LS 500TA "Beckman".

14 - ( ) ( 10~3 ) . 1 4 - . - - [25, 26].

().

   

, , , , . /200 . 1. , 10- : 1 - 4: , , , %. 100 %; 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 .

[27 - 29], , , .

- , , , , .

, , , , , . , , , , , [30 -31].

10- (. 1), ( ) . 10- , 1,5- . , 2 - 3- 10- .

, . , 10- , , , , 10- , . , 10- , , , 10- .

, , , [11, 27, 32], , , , .

, . . , [33]. , [34]. , , , , , , [34]. , .

- , 10- :

   

50. 2. - , 10- .

, , (. 2).

10- , , , , 0,5 - 6 , 1,5, 2 3 . , , , , , . , , 1,5 , - .

, - 0,5 - 6 , 1,5, 2 3 .

, , - [35], 0,5 - 6 -, , , [36]. - 1, 5 - 2 , , .

- , , 11 , , - 10- , . , , , - [37, 38].

- (. 3),

   

, . , , . 10- ( , 6 , 1,5 ).

(1,5 3 ) , , (1,5 ) (3 ) . , , , - , .

, , 6 10- (1,5 3 );

. - , , , [39] .

. , 1,7; 3 1,5, 2 3- , 3, 9 8 (. 4). , - , .

, , / , . , 10- , () ( , , , , .), [1].

1. .. . .: , 1991. 463 .

2. .. // . 1987. N 1. . 3 - 15.

3. .. . .: , 1962. 80 .

4. De Feudis F. Involvement of GABA and other inhibitory amino acids in thermoregulation // Gen. Pharmacol. 1984. 15, N 6. P. 445 - 449.

5. De Feudis F. GABA and respiratory function // Gen. Pharmacol. 1984. 15, N 6. P. 441 - 445.

6. Elias A., Valenta L., Szekeres A. et al. Regulatory role of of gamma-aminobutyric acid in pituitary hormone secretion // Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1982. 7, N 1. P. 15 - 30.

7. ., .. : . .: , 1986. - 240 .

8. Drugan R., Morrow A., Weizman R. et al. Stress induced behavioral depression in the rat is associated with a decrease in GABA receptor mediated chloride ion flux and brain benzodiazepine receptor occupancy // Brain Res. 1989. 48,7, N 1. P. 45 - 51.

9. Langwinski R. Bol a neuroprzekazniki // Post. hig. med. dosw. 1986. 40, N 4. P. 401 - 419.

10. .. , // , . 1984. 97, .1. . 20-36.

11. Dorflinger L., Schonbrunn A. Adenosine inhibits prolactin and growth hormone secretion in aTclonal pituitary cell line // Endocrinology. 1985. 117, N 6. P.

2330 - 2338.

12. .., .. . -: , 1991. 120 .

13. .. - - // . . 1986. 22, N 4. . 84 - 90.

14. Yanong W.F. The brain renin-angeotensin system // Ann. Rev. Physiol. 1984. 46. P. 17-31.

15. ,. - // . . 1989. 107, N 3. . 375 - 390.

16. .. // . 1988. 28, N 5. . 663 - 667.

17. .., .. . .: , 1975. 232 .

18. .. . .:, 1968. 102 .

19. // . .., ... .: , 1973. 383 .

20. Graham I., Aprison M. Distribution of some enzymes assosiated with the metabolism of gliitamine in rat spinal cord // J. Neurochem. 1969. 16, N 4. P. 559 Yang Y., Neff N. Distribution and properties of angiotensin converting enzyme of rat brain // J. Neurochem. 1972. 19, N 10. P. 2443 - 2450.

22. .. // . . . 1980. 52, N 4. . 446 Lowry O.H., Rosenrough N.J., Lewis et al. Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent // J. Biol. Chem. 1951. 193, N 10. P. 2443 - 2450.

24. Hartree T. Determination of protein: A modification of Lowry method that gives a linear photometric responce // Anal. Biochem. 1972. 48, N 2. P. 422 - 427.

25. .. // . . . 1967. N 4. . 76 .., .. - . .: , 1973. 141 .

27. Geider J., Nagy 7. Regional distribution and ontogenesis of adenosine deaminase activity in rat CNS // Pfluders Arch. 1986. 407, Suppl. 1. P. 42.

28. Nagy 7.7., Labella L.A., Buss M. Immunohistochemistry of adenosine deaminase:

implications of adenosine neurotransmission // Science. 1984. 224, N 4646. P. 166 - 168.

29. Patel B.T. Adenosine deaminase distribution in the brains of mammals // Pflugers Arch. 1986. 407, Suppl. 1. P. 44.

30. .. . .: , 1977. 139 .

31. Vincent S., Hokfelt ., Wu J. GABA neuron system in hypo- talamus and the pituitary gland // Neuroendocrinology. 1982. 34, N 2. P. 117 - 125.

32. Nicholson S. The influence of adenosine on pituitary-adrenocortica] axis in the rat // J. Physiol. (Gr. Brit.). 1988. 396. P. 126.

33. .. . :

, , 1991. 197 .

34. .., .., .. // . 1988. 28, N 2. . 230 - 235.

35. Muracami ., Yanong W. Site at which angiotensin 11 acts to stimulate ACTH secretion // Neuroendocrinology. 1987. 46, N 3. P. 231 - 236.

36. .. - / / 1 1 .

. Tea. . 1991. . 253 254.

37. .. ""

- // . . . . 1987. N 2. . 99 - 100.

38. .., .., .. - // . 1982. 22, N 3. . 25 - 29.

39. .. . .: , 1983. 112 .

. .. , , - "", 15.03.95 UA9700570 591.84:577.391 . . , . . , . .

-, 30- . , .

, , - . ( ) , , . ( ).

. , 30- , (). , , [1-4].

[5-7], - , . ( , , , , ) [8-10] , , : .

() , (, , ).

. 1994 . , , . . 0,1 2% . 30- , 190 200 ; , 200 220 . . : ( ); , ( ). . , "" ( ) [10, 11], .. (). -. . , . . , . . , 1996 . . 1991 1994 .

. [10,11], , , , , , [12] . - 0,3 6 [10]. , ( ) , [6], [13, 14] , [10, 11, 15], [16-18].

, - , ( , , ). , - ; .

, 2 10 ; 10 - 30 ( ); .

, , , , (. 1),

   

. : , . (103 10 9 / 1991 .; 37 10 9 / 1992 .; 90 109/ 1994 .), , , [19]. ( ) . [20]. 2. (1994 .) - - (12) 48,32,1 (2,5) (5) 32,73,7 (9) 54,52,9 (1,5) (4) 28,61,2 , (. 2) ( ) [21].

(.. ). 1994 . , , (. 3). . , , -, , ( ). - .

   

652,9 6,730,23 39317,7 7,00,15 791,5 7,200,21 50011,5 9,20,18 30,4 100,8 141,3 51,1 , ( ), , , . , .. , .

, , (. 4). , (. 5), . 1991 1993 . (. 6). , , . . - , ( !).

() , 5. (1994 .) - -

   

1. .. . .: , 1958. 599 .

2. .., .., .. . - , 1973. 180 .

3. .. " " // . 1988. 28, . 3. . 424 - 426.

4. .., .. . .: , 1970. 360 .

5. .. // . , 1977. N 2. . 1 4 - 21.

6. .. . : .

, 1988. 190 .

7. .., .. . .: , 1991. 204 .

8. .., .., .. // . 1984. 24, . 5. . 672 - 675.

9. .., .., .., .. . .: , 1988. 168 .

10. .., .., .. . // , 1992. 26, N 2. . 21 - 24.

11. .. // . , 1993. N 3. . 171 - 175.

12. Greenberg G., Burhstck G. A novel cell-to-cell interaction between mast cells and other cell types // Exp. Cell Res., 1983. 147, N 1. P. 1 - 13.

13. Archer G.T., Gordon T.G., Hirsch J.G. Isolation of granules from eosinophil leucocytes and study of their ensyme content // J. exper. Med., 1963. 118, N 2. P. 277 - 286.

14. Henderson W.R., Chi E.Y., Jorg A., Klefanoff S.Y. Horse eosinophil degranulation educed by the ionophore A 23187. Ultrastructure and role of phospholipase Aj // Amer. J. Pathol., 1983. 111, N 3. 341 - 349.

15. .., .., .. . // , 1994 . 1991 .

16. .., .., .. (- ) // . , 1987. . 43 - 44.

17. .., .. // : . , 1987. . 355 - 356.

18. .., .., .. . : . , 1978. 167 .

19. ( ). .: , 1975. 352 .

20. X., . . .: , 1986. 132 .

21. . . ., 1969. 647 .

. .. , - "", 15.03.95 UA9700571 591.13:621.039 . . ˲ (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS L.) Ͳ ²

ί

в 3 . 125 . . (Oenothera biennis), 34 % 9-10 . 10 - 15 .

, , , , [1, 2], . [3-6]. " " [3].

.

- [7], , . , , , [8].

   

: . ': ( , ); ; , ; ' ; , ' , ; (); .

. ': 1 ; 2 ( 15%); 3 ( 50% , 30% ) album), (Polygonum minus) (P. scabrum) .

ʳ , 1 - 3 , . (Lythrum salicaria) (L. virgatum), (Melampirum cristatum), (Rhinantus serotinus), (Glecoma hederacea), - 80 % 1 - 2 . . (Scrophulariaceae) , , ' . ϳ . . , %.

, (Euonimus verrucosa), (Frangula alnus). fLedum palustre), (Rhamnus cathartica), (Rhodococcum vitis-idaea), (Robinia pseudacacia) , (MaJus domestica) (Pyrus communis) . (Argimonia eupatoria), (Anthenaria dioica), (Berteroa incana), (Bidens tripartita), , (Cirsium oleraceum), (. palustre), (. rivulare) (. setosum), (.

vulgare), ' (Coronilla varia), (Filago arvensis), (Filipendula ulmaria), (Galium boreale) (Galium sp.), (Gnaphalium sylvaticum), (Matricaria perforata), (Oxalis acetosella), (Ranunculus acris) (Ranunculus sp.), (Rumex confertus), (Scleranthus perennis), (Stachys palustris), (Stellaria media), (Tanacetum vulgare), (Taraxacum officinale), (Vicia hirsuta), (Vinca minir), (Coryneforus canescens), (Deschampsia caespitosa), (Festuca rubra), (Luzula pilosa), (Carex sp.), (Dryopteris filix-mas) , , .

, (Genista germanica), (Rubus idaeus), (R. nessensis), (R. saxatilis), - (Solanum dulcamara), (Sorbus aucuparia), (Vaccinium uliginosum), (Viburnum opulus), (Artemisia vulgaris), (Cerastium holosteoides), (Chenopodium urbicum), (Cichorium intybus), (Erysimum cheiranthoides), (Epilobium hirsutum), (. palustre) (E. roseum), (Geranium pussilum), (Geum rivale) (G. urbanum), (ͳum umbellatum), (Lythrum hyssopifolia), (Melampirum nemorosum), (M. pratense), (Melandrium album), (Raphanus raphanistrum), (Rumex acetosa), (Silene vulgaris), (Urtica dioica), (Veronica longifolia), (Anthoxanthum odoratum), (Dactylis glomerata), (Echinochloa crusgali), (Festuca ovina), (Setaria glauca), (S. viridis), (Cladonia rangiferina).

, 14 , , 97 , 11 , 1 , 1 , 3 5 .

, [10, 13, 14] , , , , , , , , . ֳ 70 % . 50 - 65 % . -, , [14] .

Ҳ ˲ Ͳ ² 糿 [10] 880 , . 380 . 127 5 , 33 % . , [9] .

, 1:1. , . -, , ' .

(50 % ) ' . , , .. [15]. [10], , , , , .

15 - 20 . , , . , , , , . , 䳿 , , , , . , .

IJ в ˲

Ҳ

[9] , , . . 3. , .

(63 %) ,

   

. 20 % . 1 - 3 . , - , 15 .

, , . ˳ , , , . .

² ֲ ˲ Ͳ ² -, - - . , , , . - , .

- , . . . 15 - 20 % [16].

, - -' . , , , , . , 15 . ' 80 - 90 % , . . 1992 . . ³ , .

- , , , , .

, . ( , .), .

, , , , , , , , , . , , , .

' , , ( , .), , , , , , . . , .

. ֳ [17] . . 1 : 2.

( 40 - 80 % ), 1 - 2 , (Calamagrostis epigeios), , (Koeleria glauca), ( spica-venti), (Agrostis tenuis). . ' , , . , , , , , , , , (-). 10 .

90 - 100 %. , 2 - 4 ( ).

. . , , , . . ' , , , . , . ( - ).

, , . , .

, , , , .

Ҳ вί

ί

, . ', , , 4 - 5 .

, , 1 , .

, . 10 . . ϳ , , '.

ϳ 15 (, ) (. 1). ', (), ' ', , ', . . ' (3 8 % ), .

. . - , - . ' 2 - 3 . ' , ', . ϳ - ' , .

10 40 % .

, .



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